What is Testosterone?

Testosterone is a male version of estrogen and a sex hormone produced primarily in the testes (although the adrenal glands also produce minimal testosterone). Testosterone is responsible for developing the male reproductive system’s main sexual characteristics. It is also responsible for secondary sexual features such as muscle volume, deep voice, and hair pattern. Testosterone is responsible for regulating physical factors that affect mood and energy levels and protect heart health and maintain sex drive. Testosterone plays a vital role in protection against cardiovascular disease, red blood cell production, mood, energy level, bone density, muscle mass, and sperm production.

What are the Causes of Low Testosterone?

Several conditions that can cause low testosterone levels including primary hypogonadism (a condition in which the testicles do not function properly), secondary hypogonadism (when a pituitary or hypothalamic tumor suppresses testosterone production), cancer (testicular cancer, prostate cancer, or male breast cancer), orchidectomy (especially bilateral), trauma to the testicles, delayed puberty, and the natural aging process.

Why Does Testosterone Decline by Age? 

Naturally, when you age, the body develops less testosterone. Male testosterone production, on average, decreases by approximately 1-2% per year. Less testosterone production is an entirely normal process that begins at the end of the 20s or the beginning of the 30s. Your testes release less testosterone when you age. The reduction of testosterone leads to decreased gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) from the hypothalamus, contributing to lowering the hypophyseal luteinizing hormone (LH). Lower LH levels cause reduced total testosterone. This slow reduction in testosterone levels may induce no obvious symptoms in men.

What are the Symptoms of Low Testosterone?

A significant decline in testosterone levels may cause decreased sex drive, hardly any spontaneous erections, erectile dysfunction, reduced sperm count or volume, mood changes, lessened sense of wellness, loss of muscle mass and bone density, unintentional weight gain, and sleeping problems.

How is Low Testosterone Diagnosed?

Diagnosis of low testosterone is established by a simple blood test for measuring testosterone levels. Several factors such as diet, level of fitness, time of the test, and specific medications can influence testosterone levels. Therefore, your healthcare provider may advise repeating the test a couple of times. Men with low testosterone symptoms, confirmed with lab tests showing low testosterone level may benefit from testosterone replacement therapy (TRT). However, TRT is not recommended for all men with low testosterone levels, particularly those with more subtle symptoms. Low testosterone is one of the most prevalent medical conditions treated here at Everwell, located in Orange County. If you seek medical advice, our experts at Everwell will guide you through your journey to achieve your well-being again.

Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT)

Testosterone replacement therapy or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a type of hormone replacement therapy that replaces reduced testosterone levels because of an injury, a disease at birth, or a disease that lowers male hormone levels. Testosterone levels, which have decreased due to orchiectomy (removal of one or both testicles), can also be replaced.

What are Different types of TRT?

TRT forms are oral medication, skin patch, mouth patch, topical, intramuscular injections, and implants. Although taking the oral medication seems the most straightforward method, other routes seem to lower oral testosterone’s side effects on the liver.

What are the Side Effects of TRT?

TRT side effects include benign prostatic hypertrophy, prostate cancer, worsening of existing sleep apnea, blood clots resulting in deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and cardiovascular accidents in the heart and brain.

What are the Differences Between Testosterone Replacement and Doping Steroids?

Testosterone replacement is essentially the same as taking steroids like athletes and bodybuilders do as they dope. The truth is that “dope” consists of the same chemicals, including testosterone. However, it is a combination of testosterone and other steroids that provides them excess steroid levels. Doping improves individuals’ overall anabolic state and enhances muscle gain. On the other hand, TRT is pure testosterone and only helps the body achieve natural testosterone levels and reduce low testosterone’s irritating symptoms.

Which TRT Clinic in Orange County is Best for You?

If you have a low sex drive, erectile dysfunction, decreased endurance, obesity, or muscle mass loss, you may have reduced testosterone levels. Our experts at Everwell in Orange County will listen to your concerns about low male hormone levels and wellness during a private consultation. They understand your experience and the pressure this condition puts on you as a man and answer all your questions in detail. They will take the history of your symptoms and medical history and collect a blood sample to evaluate your sexual hormone levels, including testosterone. Next, you will know if you are a candidate for testosterone replacement therapy, and you can talk more about treatment options.